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DID YOU KNOW…

Catalina endemics fox and Manzanita need each other.



The Catalina Manzanita seed successfully germinates one of two ways. One is through exposure to extreme heat caused by fire. The other way is by passing through the digestive system of a Catalina Island fox. During the second process, the outer layer of the seed is softened in the fox’s system, allowing for germination, and the seed is generally deposited in a moist pile of fertilizer. Historically, natural fires on Catalina are very rare. Without the fox, the Manzanita would have struggled to survive on the Island. Without the Manzanita, the fox may have gone hungry. This kind of close relationship is a classic example of how tightly connected island ecosystems can be – and are – here on Catalina. That’s why losing even a single species can have ripple effects across the natural community, and why the survival of the Catalina Island fox has larger implications for this Island’s ecosystems.



Good with Numbers:
After the Conservancy posted an article, with the new Catalina Island fox total of 1,542, we got a comment on our Facebook page. It turns out that 1542 was the year that Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo – perhaps the first European ever to see a Catalina Island fox – landed on Catalina Island! Special thanks to Pat Meyer and Friends of the Island Fox for making the connection!




Did you miss the last issue of Island Naturalist?  Click HERE.



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THE ISLAND NATURALIST
Issue #9 / All About Foxes


IN THIS ISSUE...


Dramatic Rebound Continues!
Living with Foxes: What You Can Do
Fact or Fiction?: Conservancy Sets Fox Policy
Did You Know … Fox, Manzanita Interaction





Photo by Julie King

This image of Catalina Island fox scat shows Manzanita seeds, on the left, wrapped in their own handy organic fertilizer packet. On the right is something that clearly doesn’t belong in a fox’s diet.





Photo by Calvin Duncan

It’s just another day at the office as Conservancy Senior Wildlife Biologist Julie King “works up” a fox near Avalon. Note the tools of her trade on the hood of the truck. The green hood covering the fox’s eyes calms the animal, making the brief work-up a relaxed experience for all involved.



Missed recent issues?
Issue #1 / All About Bison

Issue #2 / All About Birds

Issue #3 / All About Plants
Issue #4 / All About Eagles
Issue #5 / All About Ravens & Crows
Issue #6 / All About Natives & Invasives  
Issue #7 / All About Rain
Issue #8 / All About Bison Roundup

 

 

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